Our Building

Between 1867 and 1870, OCBC constructed the building that currently serves as our home, designed by architect Alexander Rice Esty. Built of local fieldstone and granite quarried in Somerville, Massachusetts, the church is constructed in the style of American Gothic Revival architecture. 

In 1897, the original Parrish Hall was lost in a fire. Noted Boston Theater Architect, Clarence Blackall oversaw the rebuilding of the Hall. The most notable feature of the reconstruction is an 1890 Tiffany & Company Window. This early Tiffany window bridges the gothic stained glass tradition and emerging art nouveau movement.

OCBC was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1982.

Recent Renovation History

After decades of deferring maintenance, around the year 2000, OCBC assembled the resources to begin stabilizing the church building.  This was accomplished through private donations, grants from both the city and state, and grants from business entities to the Jose Mateo Ballet Theater, a building tenant.  In conjunction with the construction of a hotel on an adjacent site, Harvard provided funds to reinforce the roof trusses and the unique stone steeple.  Early on in the process to protect both the initial and new investments, the entire building was rewired and a fire alarm system installed.

Reattaching floor joists to the stone walls stabilized sinking floors and allowed the sanctuary to be used as a dance venue for the ballet company.  Structural accommodations were made to allow removable bleacher seating in the sanctuary.  Two new restrooms were installed to the side of the baptistery and space for a washing machine and dryer carved out to the rear of the restrooms.

Major changes were made to the interior circulation: the church office was moved to the main basement entrance, the chapel reconfigured to provide access to the pastor’s office, the kitchen relocated from the basement to the side of the parish hall and a balcony constructed in the parish hall to provide a required second exit from upper story rooms.

Cosmetic changes were made. The rostrum and the choir lofts to the front of the sanctuary were removed.  The 1940’s chandeliers were removed, pews discarded, the tower entry refurbished, and the basement offices, long rented to tenants, had new walls and ceilings con  For the first time since the 1940s, the sanctuary and parish hall were painted.  A fresh air ventilation system was installed in the basement office rental spaces.

The building envelope required major financial commitments.  The windows were completely rebuilt and rehung and the Tiffany window in the parish hall disassembled and restored The stone walls--described as “neatly stacked”--require ongoing repointing.  The Massachusetts Avenue entry steps and walkways restoration resulted in the design of magnificent perennial gardens on all sides of the church.  To alleviate frequent flooding of the basement offices, a rain water retention tank was installed.  Water collected will water gardens and be used in restroom toilets.

We continually endeavor to make OCBC's historic building in Harvard Square "greener" and more energy efficient, according with our community's commitment to environmental justice and sustainability. 

Our History

What led to the founding of the church?

We were a “daughter church” of the First Baptist Church in the Central Square area of Cambridge, founded in 1817. It had become too crowded, and it was voted that the new church should request what was then called “dismission“ from the First Church in 1844. Some members of the new church felt that as Baptists they didn’t have as much status as did the established Unitarian, Episcopalian, and Congregational churches in Harvard Square (Old Cambridge, the oldest and most affluent section of the city), and that by naming the church as Old Cambridge Baptist Church, they would declare they had arrived in that area of town.

Who are the people that stand out in the story of your church?

In its first hundred years alone, OCBC had called 10 pastors. In the interest of brevity, those mentioned here have served from 1935 onward.

The Rev. Sam Miller, 1935-1958 – Themes: Worship as the essence of church, importance of the arts (drama, poetry, etchings), transcendent reality of God in everyday life, social justice, service to students, the elderly, and service members. A “poet of prayer” and an intellectual, he later became Dean of Harvard Divinity School. Two of his sons were killed in WWII. Congregation grew to 300.

The Rev. Ernst “Ernie” Klein, 1959-1974 – More liberal than some members, his theology was based on spiritual accountability via social justice actions. Lay ministry was encouraged. When the “question authority” youth movements surfaced, OCBC was ready to change with the times. An early performance of Godspell, ministries to street people, more diverse and progressive services, the formation of Common Place in 1973 (an alternative intentional living community made up mostly of OCBC members and which continues to this day), a commitment to women’s leadership and gender neutral language called for by a women’s group called Sojourners, civil rights actions, and antiwar activities were front and center. Ernie also encouraged the arts, and was himself a talented visual artist of woodcuts, drawings, and stained glass. Doug Koch, a still active member, came at this time and held titles including Associate Pastor, Minister in Christian Education and Celebration, and Liturgical Artist in Residence. Many of the older members left because of the use of the sanctuary to shield anti-war demonstrators and membership was about 150.

The Rev. Linda Brebner - Called as a part time Pastor, Linda shepherded the church after Ernie Klein became ill. It was a time of “Working in the Wilderness” and a “Time of Healing,” with much soul-searching on some questions raised during Klein years, similar in processes to a Transition Team. She was a strong preacher with an interest in social justice as well.

The Rev. Monica Styron – An ecumenical leader and spokesperson for many social justice issues like shelter and food for homeless people, she had a gift for the personal dimensions of healing, even while “fighting the good fight.” She attracted many young people and was a dynamic presence. Her coming out as a lesbian and the church’s 1983 declaration that it was “Welcoming and Affirming” were brave acts at the time. So was OCBC’s leadership in becoming a Sanctuary church for a then-undocumented trade union activist from El Salvador (“Estela”) and its historical biblical interpretation of sanctuary, calling it an allegiance to a higher law which demanded protection for the oppressed.

The Rev. Meg Hess, 1988-1990 - Not formally called as an “intentional interim” pastor, Meg helped the church to work around feelings about recent congregational controversies.

The Rev. C. Irving Cummings, 1990-2011 – A progressive Christian in the prophetic tradition, his sermons often referenced “empire” then and now, in terms of allegiance to a higher authority than Rome or the current U.S. government. Also committed to social justice, especially gay rights, environmental justice, antiwar actions such as participation in Veterans for Peace, the arts, and an embrace of all faiths (including Muslim) as allies, his worship services and other activities displayed a creative and sometimes playful approach. But his sermons were deeply historical and intellectual. An out gay man (and former Presbyterian, as were Monica Styron and Linda Brebner), he was a founding member of AWAB in 1993, supported the gay marriage equality campaign. During this period, Sunday School teachers were paid, as was a much loved and capable and long term building administrator, Javier Negron, who came in 2004, along with and his staff, Angel Tirado and Victor Morales. Volunteer pastors, Jean Chapman and Nancy Willbanks ministered to homeless people and to youth and families, respectively. A new choir director (now Minister of Music), Thomas Jones, built on the work of former director/organist Arthur Hoch, and inspired the choir to new levels of professionalism. A forty-year lease with a new renter, the renowned Jose Mateo Ballet Theatre, helped keep church functioning. The $220,000/year rent led to a spate of building renovations and a firm financial footing, along with an administrative challenge on how to share the building’s main spaces. The church also took on a commitment to environmental justice and sponsored an extended family of refugees from Cameroon.

The Rev. Meg Hess, 2011-2013 – Hired as an Intentional Interim Pastor this time around, she brought her training as a Pastoral Psychotherapist to assist the congregation in reflecting on its history, dynamics, priorities, ways of functioning, mission, and identity. She has served tirelessly with both the Transition Team and the Pastoral Search Team (along with Moderator Nancy Moorehead). Her caring counseling one-on-one, her administrative juggling, and her story-telling talents as a preacher, have been crucial in leading and comforting the congregation at this time of change after twenty years with our previous pastor. She also shared her skills as a labyrinth facilitator who has offered her labyrinth walks as a spiritual practice of walking meditation and healing reflection.

What about laity?

The laity took part in many vital functions of the church as well.

Many members and friends were active in social change projects such as Sanctuary for Central American immigrants, immigrants’ rights, service to the homeless, veterans, and college age youth, refugee resettlement. Church members and friends have contributed to feminist worship services and inclusive language, missionary activity, pastoral and musical service, church historians, and more. A few stand out.

The Derry family - Brothers Arthur, Cecil, and Malcolm, along with their sister Evelyn and Malcolm’s wife Peg, undertook untold labors for good at OCBC. Rev. Sam Miller once referred to the Derrys as the “Derry combine.” The Derrys’ mother was raised in the First Baptist Church of Central Square (OCBC’s “mother”), and although she found it hard to leave the old church, about 1894 she moved to OCBC. Either Arthur or Cecil served as church clerk from 1942 – 1957, and Malcolm became treasurer in 1945, until 1957, when Arthur became treasurer. Arthur retained this position until his tragic death in a car accident, along with his wife, in 1965. Cecil wrote a history of the church from 1844-1944, with special mention of the work of the church’s women. He was a much loved, charismatic speaker and a revered Latin and Greek teacher at Cambridge Latin High School.

Pauline Swift – A member for well over fifty years, she led Task Force on Civil Rights, which spent a great deal of time studying, collecting files, writing letters, and engaging in direct action. She was thoughtful and prayerful, but then she took action, on numerous picket lines and in many demonstrations, some resulting in her arrest. Her name lives on in an annual Pauline Swift Award given to a member of the community who has shown equal dedication to peace and justice. She is known for meeting police at the door during a 1970 antiwar riot in Harvard Square, barring them from entry and declaring the building a sanctuary for wounded protestors.

Martha Jane Hackett – A very longtime member who recently left us, at least on the physical plane, Martha Jane had been Moderator, Almoner, a leader on the Finance Team, TABCOM representative and board member, and midwife in more ways than one. She delivered babies in the Chinese community and the congregation, and touched many individuals with personal “snail mail” notes offering prayers and comfort. The daughter of Baptist Missionaries in Burma, she made frequent (and dangerous) trips there and supported an orphanage, her lifelong dream.

Thomas Jones – Our Minister of Music has overseen the music program at OCBC since the fall of 2002. Along with organist/pianist Kathy Maskell, he has turned an all-volunteer choir into a professional sounding group. An internationally known baritone singer for over three decades and an adjunct vocal instructor at Harvard University for 24 years, he brings considerable musical and pedagogical skills to his work as a choir director. For members of the choir, it is his patience, his caring prayers for each person, and his passion for excellence in music that has made the choir a place of privilege. Even so, an oft-heard phrase is “It’s a worship service, not just a performance.” He produces annual special services Christmas Eve (with a chamber orchestra) and Easter (with a brass ensemble) and organized a choir CD entitled “Total Praise.” He has also led the choir on three choir- related trips: New York City, Turkey and Greece, and Italy.

Jim Wallace (anti war, racial justice, immigrants’ rights, housing equity) and Julia Wallace (all of those issues plus befriending homeless and undocumented and transgender individuals, dangerous trips to El Salvador to contact families of immigrant friends, a fierce “green” consciousness) contributed to the church for decades. Jim (widowed and now married to former member Renee Seale) and daughter Ginny Wallace Greene, who has been active in pastoral care and special outreach to our current families from the Cameroon, still carry on the Wallace family’s spirit and legacy.

Notable guest preachers and speakers have included Phillips Brooks, Paul Tillich, David Tracy, and Harvey Cox, who is also a notable member of the congregation. In one our more colorful stories, Yoko Ono, accompanied by a silent John Lennon, sang at OCBC in 1973 while attending a women’s conference.

What were some of the significant turning points in the life of the church?

“Through our common life of prayer, worship, and spiritual development, we are enriched and sustained as we follow the example of Jesus and extend ourselves to the world, working for social, economic, and ecological justice, celebrating lifethrough the arts, and welcoming all those who are seekers.”

- OCBC flyer

In recent years, there have been three major points of (ongoing) change: social justice actions, arts expansion, especially music, and the restoration, expansion, maintenance, and stewardship of the building.

Our Purpose

We worship together. We learn together. We serve together. We laugh and cry together. We work toward peace and justice together. We enjoy the gifts of sharing in community together. 

OCBC's Mission Statement

OCBC is a progressive, inclusive Christian community in the American Baptist tradition that seeks to offer God’s radical hospitality to everyone, answering God’s call to hold fast to love and justice for the earth and all its peoples, and welcoming all who are seekers. Through our common life of prayer, worship, spiritual development, and the arts, we strive to follow the example of Jesus and to work, through active nonviolence, for social, racial, economic and ecological justice, and for peace.

OCBC is a Welcoming and Affirming congregation (meaning we are fully inclusive and celebrate the lives of LGBTQ people), and has been since 1983, when the community declared tself to be officially welcoming of gay and lesbian people, and began to work actively within the church and the world for the civil and ecclesiastical rights of all, regardless of sexual or affectional orientation. This commitment now includes bisexual and transgender persons. OCBC also has a history of promoting gender equality and of providing accessibility to persons of all abilities.

OCBC has a long history of welcoming people of all races and cultures. We are fully committed to racial equity, which demands the fair allocation of opportunities and resources in employment, housing, education, health care, and other areas. We are also committed to working to ensure that no racial group be disproportionately impacted by environmental hazards or the criminal justice system.